In the last decades, assisted reproductive technologies have undergone a rapid development, mainly due to the increase in fertility problems in human couples. Moreover, in the animal world, these technologies are also becoming important tools, both to increase the efficiency and quality of livestock production and to help with the conservation of wild endangered species. However, one of the major limitations in reproductive technologies is derived from the manipulation of oocytes and embryos, since they require conditions of maximum control to preserve their fertilizing ability in the case of the oocyte and development quality in the case of the embryos. Processes such as in vitro maturation of oocytes, in vitro fertilization, embryonic culture and development or vitrification require the manipulation of oocytes and embryos, both to displace them to provide required media and reagents or to immobilize them in supports for better visualization and easy handle for transfer.
In this scenario, NanoRep emerges as a new assisted reproductive methodology that will allow to manipulate oocytes and embryos without physical contact. Our specially designed nanoparticles use a novel molecular method to join with the natural glycoprotein matrix that surrounds oocytes and embryos, the zona pellucida. Once our nanoparticles are attached to them, oocyte and embryos can be moved towards any desired direction or stay fixed avoiding unnecessary displacements without physical manipulation, but by applying controlled magnetic fields. This new technology makes oocytes and embryos handling easier than ever, opening up a whole new range of applications to improve assisted reproduction lab workflows and protocols.
Improve the efficiency of the vitrification process by a quicker “pick up process” of oocytes or embryos using a magnetic device and avoiding loss of valuable genetic material.
Improve the tracking and record of embryos development by fixing them to a surface, avoiding thus undesired movements without the need of using plates with sophisticated surfaces.
Recreate the movement of the oocyte or early embryo stage through a 3D duct, to mimic what happens naturally in the oviduct, being the in vitro conditions closer to how it occurs in vivo.
Allow the attachment of the oocyte and the embryo to a fixed point, and thus favor the culture of these cells in an environment where flows are generated to improve the quality of their development.
Biochemistry degree (graduated in 2000) and European PhD in 2006 (University of Murcia) working on the characterization of the matrix that surrounds the egg and embryo. During her postdoc, Maria worked with Dr. Jurrien Dean at National Institute of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA (2006-2010) where she applied molecular techniques to study gametes recognition. She has contributed with numerous scientific manuscripts, chapters’ books and international conferences. Maria has developed research projects as IP focused in the fertilization event, describing both the molecules responsible for the recognition of gametes, as the oviduct proteins involved in the process of fertilization and embryonic development. His research during the last years consists in applying molecular biology techniques based on the use of micro and nanospheres in the development of new techniques applied to reproduction.
Veterinary degree (graduated in 2002) and European PhD with the extraordinary award in 2007 (University of Murcia) working on the production of porcine transgenic animals. More than 15 years’ experience in teaching and research. He has developed research activities at University of Baja California (México), University of Okayama (Japan), University of Bologna and Pisa (Italy), University of Michigan State (USA) and University of Massachusetts (USA). He has contributed with numerous scientific manuscripts and chapters of books and has obtained different research awards. Author of several patents. His research is focused mainly on artificial insemination, sperm selection within the uterus, nanobiotechnology, sperm-uterus interaction, and sperm capacitation signal pathways.
Mammalian spermatozoa and cumulus cells bind to a 3D model generated by recombinant zona pellucida protein-coated beads. Scientific Report. 2019. Hamze JG, Canha-Gouveia A, Algarra B, Gómez-Torres MJ, Olivares MC, Romar R, Jiménez-Movilla M. doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-54501-7
Anchoring cortical granules in the cortex ensures trafficking to the plasma membrane for post-fertilization exocytosis. Nature Communications. 2019. Edgar-John Vogt, Keizo Tokuhiro, Min Guo, Ryan Dale, Guanghui Yang, Seung-Wook Shin, Maria Jimenez Movilla, Hari Shroff and Jurrien Dean. doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-10171-7
Effects of recombinant OVGP1 protein on in vitro bovine embryo development. J Reprod Dev. 2018. Algarra B., Maillo V., Avilés M., Gutiérrez-Adán A., Rizos D. and Jiménez-Movilla M.doi.org/10.1262/jrd.2018-058
Cytoplasmic cleavage of DPPA3 is required for intracellular trafficking and cleavage-stage development in mice. Nature Communications. 2017. Seung-Wook Shin, Edgar John Vogt, Maria Jimenez-Movilla, Boris Baibakov and Jurrien Dean. doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-01387-6
DNA methylation and gene expression changes derived from assisted reproductive technologies can be decreased by reproductive fluid. Elife. 2017. Canovas S., Ivanova E., Romar R., García-Martínez S., Soriano-Úbeda C., García-Vázquez F.A., Saadeh H., Andrews S., Kelsey G. and Coy P. doi.org/10.7554/eLife.23670
Improving porcine in vitro fertilization output by simulating the oviductal environment. Scientific Reports. 2017. Cristina Soriano-Úbeda, Francisco A. García-Vázquez, Jon Romero-Aguirregomezcorta and Carmen Matás. doi.org/10.1038/srep43616
C-terminal of OVGP1 modulates remodeling of the zona pellucida and modifies fertility parameters among species. Scientific Reports. 2016. CB. Algarra, L. Han, C. Soriano-Úbeda, M. Avilés, P. Coy, L. Jovine and M. Jiménez-Movilla. doi.org/10.1038/srep32556
ZP2 peptide-beads that select human sperm in vitro, decoy mouse sperm in vivo and provide reversible contraception. Sci Transl Med. 2016. Avella M.A., Baibakov B.A., Jimenez-Movilla M., Sadusky A.B., Dean J. doi.org/10.1126/scitranslmed.aad9946
Oviductal transcriptome is modified after insemination during spontaneous ovulation in the sow. PLoS One 2015. López-Úbeda R., García-Vázquez F.A., Romar R., Gadea J., Muñoz M., Hunter R.H. and Coy P. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130128
Ovastacin, a cortical granule protease, cleaves ZP2 in the zona pellucida to prevent polyspermy. J Cell Biol. 2012. Burkart A.D., Xiong B., Baibakov B., Jiménez-Movilla M. and Dean J. doi.org/10.1083/jcb.201112094
Roles of the oviduct in mammalian fertilization. Reproduction. 2012. Coy P., García-Vázquez F.A., Visconti P.E. and Avilés M. doi.org/10.1530/REP-12-0279
Rzp2 and zp3 cytoplasmic tails prevent premature interactions and ensure incorporation into the zona pellucida. J Cell Sci. 2011. Jimenez-Movilla M. and Dean J. doi.org/10.1242/jcs.079988