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Integración del árabe clásico y el dialectal en el aula

تكامل العربية الفصحى والعامية في الصف

Página dedicada al enfoque integral (Integrated Approach) del profesor Munther Younes, llevado a la práctica en el programa de árabe de Cornell University, del que es director, y que supone una revolución en la manera de abordar la diglosia en el aula:

The core Arabic program at Cornell offers a radical departure from other Arabic-as-a-foreign-language programs in its integration of an Arabic colloquial dialect with Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) in a way that reflects the use of the language by native speakers. Arabs communicate in the colloquial in everyday situations, and use MSA for reading, writing, and formal speaking. For example, when an Arab reads a newspaper, he reads MSA, but when he discusses its contents with his friends, the discussion takes place in the colloquial.

Arabs from different parts of the Arab world speak different dialects, but MSA is virtually the same everywhere. This is why the majority of Arabic programs prefer to teach MSA. However, students who learn to speak only MSA will not be able to use it in conversation; not only will they sound ludicrous, but they will also find it difficult to understand what is being said to them.

We believe that teaching a spoken dialect for everyday conversation and MSA for reading, writing, and formal speaking is the most honest and effective way to prepare students to function in Arabic. We also believe that if a student masters any Arabic dialect well enough, he/she will be able to function in other dialects, just as native speakers from different areas of the Arab world do.

The Arabic spoken dialects share most of their vocabulary and grammatical structures with one another and with MSA; that is why they are considered varieties of the same language rather than different languages. The Cornell Arabic Program builds on these shared features and attempts to bridge the gap among the different language varieties.