Physical Anthropology on Field: The necropolis of the Roman Villa of Los Villaricos -Mula – Spain (July 7th to 21th) 2019

Course
Excavation
Accommodations
Dates & Fees
Team
Free Time
Seminars 
How to Apply
Official web
Facebook

Course

This course is aimed at students and  people who wish to participate with us in this Physical  Anthropology on field course: The necropolis of the Roman Villa of Los Villaricos, is located 5 km east of Mula in Murcia (Spain), where we can study first hand a model of Roman settlement of rural type known as Villa.

This settlement consists of a large building with many rooms dedicated to various functions, among which we distinguish a residential area with bedrooms most of which have beautiful geometric mosaics and a thermal resort, as well as an industrial and working area such a mill or torcularium with its pressing area, its pipelineas and its storage rooms for wine and olive oil. Due to the re-utilization and transformation of the villa from the last first century AD until the end of the V century AD, the area undergoes through various changes, most notably the aptation of a room to create an apsidal (probably for religions reasons and functions) and a necropolis of a later period.

This Physical Anthropology course we offer is a comprehensive training course in fundamental aspects such as archaeoanthropology, laboratory and field work, determination of sex, age and pathologies, etc.

The developed program is as follows:

1. Field work in Physical Anthropology. Archaeoanthropology
Extraction of human remains in an archaeological contexts; methodology of collection and field data gathering. Archaeoanthropological field cards.

2. Laboratory work: cleaning, cataloguing, inventory and conservation of the bone remains.
Cleaning methods of the recovered bone remains based on their conservation state. Different ways of cataloguing the bones according to their suitability. Database programms. Long-term preservation treatment of the remains and packaging regulation standards.

3. Methods and techniques for the physical study of the subject in question. Scientific methodology in anatomy. Analysis of data in Anthropology. Osteology: differentiation between axial skeleton and appendicular skeleton. Laterality.

4. The human skeleton: anatomical identification of the cranial parts.
Classifying the most important skull bones. Osteometry: craniometric points, distances and most common indexes in the skull.

5. The human skeleton: anatomical identification of the human postcranial skeleton.
Classifying the most important body bones. Osteometry: distances and most common indexes in the postcranial skeleton.

6. Gender determination.
Determination of sex in the skull. Determination of sex in the pelvis. Discriminant functions of long bones and their usefulness in the sexual determination of the skeleton.

7. Age determination.
Age determination in children: dental methods. Age estimation in adults: cranial sutures, pubic symphysis, sternal end of the ribs.

8. Hieght determination.
Analysis and estimation of sexual dimorphism. Height and robustness.

9. Lifestyle evolution and it relationship with health.
Definition of Paleopathology. Most frequent diseases in the Roman world. Indicators of environmental stress and diet. Epigenetic traits.

Daily field activities. Schedule:

(Monday)
Morning (08:00 – 14:00 p.m.): Field Work. Archaeological excavation of the Villaricos necropolis. It will begin with the dig director giving a series of essential guidelines that need to be followed when facing an excavation with human remains; methodology, material means and objectives. Start of field work.

Afternoon  (17:00 pm – 18:30 pm): Talk about the Roman necropolis. The objective of it is to raise awareness of funerary cultural traditions throughout the Roman world, focusing on similar cases to those of Villaricos and other sites in the Region of Murcia. This will help student to anticipate what they could find inside the tombs, and how their analysis has been addressed in other sites.

Afternoon (18.30 – 20.00): Cleaning of the recovered remains throughout the morning. Explanation of what is the optimum cleaning methodology for the bone remains, inventory, optimal conservation, etc. as well as the dynamics of laboratory work.

(Tuesday)
Morning (8:00 – 14:00 p.m.): Field Work.

Afternoon ( 17:00 – 20:00 p.m): Cleaning and classification of materials. Having had the first contact with the human remains, a master theory lesson about postcranial and cranial anatomy will be given, facilitating students access to didactic materials, virtual atlases, etc. that will help them to become familiar with the human skeleton, and that they will use throughout the excavation campaign.

(Wednesday)
Morning (8:00 – 14:00 p.m.): Field Work.

Afternoon ( 17:00 – 20:00 p.m): Cleaning and classification of materials. Students will continue with the same work dynamic of the previous day, and they will begin to work on the inventory..

(Thursday)
Morning (8:00 – 14:00 p.m.): Field Work.

Afternoon ( 17:00 – 19:00 p.m): Cleaning and classification of materials.
(19:00 – 20:00 p.m)  Seminar: “Sex determination of the skeleton”. Didactic material will be used for its explanation, as well as the recovered remains found during field work.

(Friday)
Morning (8:00 – 14:00 p.m.): Field Work.

Afternoon ( 17:00 – 19:00 p.m): Cleaning and classification of materials.
(19:00 – 20:00 p.m)  Seminar: “Age etermination of the skeleton”.
Didactic material will be used for its explanation, as well as the recovered remains found during field work.

(Monday)
Morning (8:00 – 14:00 p.m.): Field Work.

Afternoon ( 17:00 – 19:00 p.m):Cleaning and classification of materials. Guidelines on how to store the extracted material.
(19:00 – 20:00 p.m)  Seminar: “Height determination of the skeleton”. Didactic material will be used for its explanation, as well as the recovered remains found during field work.

(Tuesday)
Morning (8:00 – 14:00 p.m.): Field Work.

Afternoon (17:00 – 19:00 p.m): Cleaning and classification of materials.
(19:00 – 20:00 p.m) Seminar: “Children”.  Didactic material will be used for its explanation, as well as the recovered remains found during field work.

(Wednesday)
Morning (8:00 – 14:00 p.m.): Field Work.

Afternoon (17:00 – 19:00 p.m): Cleaning and classification of materials.
(19:00 – 20:00 p.m) Seminar: “Paleopathologies and enthesopathies”.  Didactic material will be used for its explanation, as well as the recovered remains found during field work.

(Thursday)
Morning (8:00 – 14:00 p.m.): Field Work.

Afternoon (17:00 – 19:00 p.m): Cleaning and classification of materials.
(19:00 – 20:00 p.m) Seminar: “Height determination of the skeleton”. Didactic material will be used for its explanation, as well as the recovered remains found during field work.

(Friday)
Morning (8:00 – 14:00 p.m.): Field Work. End of the archaeological intervention, for which guidelines will be given on how to close a site and leave it ready for the next campaign.

Afternoon (17:00 – 20:00 p.m): Cleaning and classification of materials. Storage. Tide the laboratory up.

This course is developed within the concept of an International Course, so the vehicular languages will be English and Spanish. We will have at all times archaeologists and bilingual coordinators , who will give explanations in English and Spanish, so that students will be able to enjoy the opportunity to learn and improve their Spanish on this bilingual course.

up

Excavation

The site is a clear example of the model of a rural Roman settlement, as well as a sample of prolonged use and reuse suffered by many buildings. In the village differ up to 43 different spaces, which can be divided into:

Residential room Area: formed by various structures (courtyards, corridors and rooms of various sizes) of a light residential use. Among these we can highlight the mosaic tiles and the thermal resort.
In one of the great halls of rectangular in shape,polychrome geometric mosaic type tesellatum opus were excavated but unfortunately they were in a very poor condition, although they have been restored since. This room must have been the source oeci or triclina, whose floor belongs to the fourth century AD. Also in this room were found fragments of ceramics in the levels of collapse belonging to the fifth-eighth century AD, as well as some paleo-Christian lamps decorated with crismones. Some mosaic remains were also found in rooms Nos 22 and 23.

12MU_MG_9699

As for the thermal resort we can highlight the existence of complex  floor plant (octagonal apse) of some rooms, which indicates that great importance was given to the baths in these rural villas from the second century AD as these floor plants were more complex and they carry a higher cost. The thermal rooms are organized in two parts that do not comply with the typical linear layout of the Roman baths. These two parts are the cold baths, among which stands out a large swimming pool of 5x4x2 meters and a bath with a seating area, while the second stay is composed of rooms that have been heated. These heated rooms were dedicated to a hot bath or the tepidarium, caldarium (a small pool of 2.04 x 1.16 m) and the laconium or sudatio was dedicated to steam baths. The baths have their own ovens but they are separated from the main building in order to reduce the risk of fire. 

To supply water all this thermal resort there must have been a complex network of water-based tanks, pipes, wells and springs.

We note the existence of a well which size and building techniques are very impressive and make it unique in Southeast  of Spain.

 Workspace or industrial area: The Northeast rooms were dedicated to the olive complex, ie the recollection, processing and storage of oil. This area was called torcularium. In this area we found an olive press, piping, settling tanks and a large industrial unit that serves as storage for the olive oil production.

aerea_torcularium

Necropolis: The central patio area as well as the corridor and rooms around it were reused as a necropolis at a later occupation of the building. We can find several types of burials that demonstrate the use and reuse of the site over a long period of time. Some graves are made of pottery, brick, stone, stone and slabs with mortar preparation.

 Building apsidal: We can highlight the existence of room No. 43, to the West of the complex, 9.80 × 6.95 m,  added in a later period in the form of apsidal structure.

up


Accommodations

The students will stay in the youth hostel El Matadero.
This hostel offers group rooms, showers, toilettes, laundry facilities and bedding.

Capacity: 20 people.

Breakfast, mid morning snack, lunch and dinner will be prepared by a local chef at a nearby lodge restaurant. If there are any vegetarians or anybody with any kind of allergy should inform us as soon as possibly.

How to get Mula:

Buses to Mula can be reached every hour from the bus station in Murcia. http://mula.es/user/pdf/Murcia-Caravaca-Murcia.pdf

Students should be at “El Matadero” on  Sunday  from 17:00  onwards.

Hostel El Matadero.

Location

up


Dates & Fees

2019 Program Dates: from July  7 th to 29th

Fees: € 500

Fees include: Room and Board• Seminars• Health insurance•Administrative costs

Fees do not include excursions, airfares nor arrival transport. PAYMENT: Pre-registration and registration in CASIOPEA.

Cancellation and refund policy: Once the course has been registered and paid unfortunately there will be no possibility of a refund.

Travel and medical insurance: Participants are covered by an insurance policy through the University of Murcia (which is included in the course), which provides: medication, treatment and prescription, surgical and accident or sudden illness.

Right of admission: CEPOAT and the University of Murcia reserves the right to reject the selection of a candidate, if the minimum health requirements are not fulfilled for each of the tasks that will be required during the course.

Once in the field, the program director reserves the right to expel a participant from the program because of his behavior in a group, in violation of Spanish laws, regulations or customs.

up


Team

Dr. Rafael González Fernández

rafa

Professor of Ancient History at the University of Murcia. His main lines of research are the Byzantine world, the ancient Christianity and Latin epigraphy. He completed his doctoral thesis on The ideological structures of Emperor Justinian in the Codex Iustinianus.
He is the director of the Center for Middle Eastern Studies and Late Antiquity – CEPOAT. He is also the director of the series: Antiquity and Christianity and Murciana Journal of Anthropology.

CEPOAT tab
– Academia.edu – Dialnet


Dra. María Haber Uriarte

Professor of Prehistory at the University of Murcia. PhD in Physical Anthropology. Degree in History from the University of Salamanca and PhD from the University of Granada.  Specialist in funeral contexts and bioanthropological analysis (Master in Forensic Anthropology). Associate in the Department of Prehistory, Archeology, Ancient History, Medieval History and Historiographic Sciences and Techniques of the University of Murcia since 2010. Director of these two Palaeolithic excavations: Cueva Negra (Caravaca de la Cruz, Murcia) and Sima de las Palomas ( Torre Pacheco, Murcia). She is also responsible for the anthropological works of the Chalcolithic site of Camino del Molino (Caravaca de la Cruz, Murcia), as well as national and international projects in Spain, with participation in several research groups.


Dª Sonia Diaz Navarro

Graduate in History from the University of Salamanca. Research collaborator of the research group “Biological Anthropology. Human paleoecology “of the University of Granada and she is also a collaborating member of the ARCADIA Cultural Promotion Institute of the General Foundation of the University of Valladolid. Currently she is the anthropologist responsible for the anthropological study, restoration and conservation of some of the osteological material recovered in the Dolmen site of El Pendón (Reinoso, Burgos) (University of Valladolid), and has also participated and is currently participating in numerous archeo-anthropological projects, such as the Chalcolithic site of Camino del Molino (Caravaca de la Cruz, Murcia).


Mr. José Antonio Zapata Parra

zapata

Graduate in History. University of Murcia. Master in Heritage Restoration. Polytechnic University of Cartagena, 2004. Master in Applied Archaeology, University of Murcia, 2010. Work experience: Professional Archaeologist Autonomous between 2000 and 2008. Municipal Archaeologist of the City of Mula, from 2008 to the present.

Facebook


Mr. José Javier Martínez García

jota

Graduate in Ancient History and Archaeology in the University of Murcia. Graduate in Anthropology in Catholic University of Murcia. Doctoral Course: Urban Life and urbanism in the Mediterranean area, Master in Science in GIS, Master in Applied Archaeology, Master Teacher Education and Master in Egyptology. He has participated as Technical Director in several excavations of urgency and is currently involved in various international projects like Oxyrhynchus (Egypt) or Heracleópolis Magna (Egypt), Julia Valentia (Morocco) Modular Project and national project as Carteia, Baelo Claudia, Coimbra del Barrancho Ancho, Roman Bath of Fortuna, Villaricos, Begastri and Mazarrón Phoenician.

CEPOAT tab – Academia.edu – Facebook



Free Time

Sunday is a day off, so all students can do any activity that interests them such as visiting places in the neighborhood  at their own cost or simply rest by the local pool.

Example:
– Roman Villa of Los Cantos.
– Fuente Caputa ( natural pool).

cantos
caputa


up


Seminars

Throughout the campaign the archaeologists will prepare training seminars in archaeology, methodology, materials inventory, Draftsight, etc in rotating groups for classes with groups of up to 10 people.

While all the information will be arranged for students in our Virtual Classroom before, during and after training.

Seminars and workshops:

– Introduction to drawing in Field

– Introduction to CAD with software Draftsight

draftsight
– Introduction to Photogrammetry with software Python Photogrammetry Toolbox and meshlab

 ppt

up

No se admiten más comentarios