Association Conference, Murcia, Spain Sept 23-26 2003
IN AGEING SOCIETIES
Lessons from the past,
options for the future
Concern about population ageing in Europe
is often related to its impact on the welfare system, since
ageing tends to decrease its financial resources and increase the demands
for social expenditure. Migration is
regarded as a remedy since the younger immigrant population could help
counterbalance this demographic trend. However, if immigrants settle in
the country the costs may outweigh the
benefits. The effects of migration on the receiving society are manifold and
worth sociological scrutiny. The experience of European countries has
counted among the negative aspects of
immigration various forms of social exclusion and social tension or
conflict, which have incentivated
efforts to integrate migrants on the side of public administrations.
This research stream aims to identify the
main challenges that European civil societies and states face
in the next fifty years by learning from the five past decades of
immigration. Papers on the following
questions and related topics are welcome, both comparative or country
a) Migration and social structure
What has been the long term evolution of
immigrants in the European labour markets?
What is the social mobility pattern of immigrants?
What problems of social disadvantage,
social discrimination or social exclusion do they face?
b) Migration and cultural integration
The end of assimilation, the era of
To what extent have different ethnic groups followed the path towards
How have European governments treated the incoming religious practices
What is the record of the so called "multicultural" and
"integrationist" approaches to immigrant
accommodation in Europe?
c) Migration and the welfare system
Is immigration the solution to the
problems caused by population ageing?
How long would migration postpone the foreseeable financial crisis of
How does migration affect the education and health systems?
What can we learn from the European countries experience of social
assistance to immigrants?
d) Migration and inter-ethnic relationships
What does public opinion research in
Europe teach us about inter-ethnic relationships?
Have ethnic claims found satisfactory channels of expression and
How has the pro and anti-immigrant cleavage developed in European
What can or should be done to prevent inter-ethnic conflict?
e) Migration and public policy
Do recent reforms of immigration policies
in European countries provide evidence of convergence?
Are there any "best practices" to
What are and should be the policies towards
this research stream will be:
Berta Alvarez-Miranda Navarro, Spain
Grete Brochmann, Norway
Joachim Bruess, Germany