CALL FOR PAPERS

European Sociological Association Conference, Murcia, Spain Sept 23-26 2003

 DISATER & SOCIAL CRISIS

The Disaster and Social Crisis Research Network is organizing the following 10 Sessions at the 6th European Sociological Conference to be held in Murcia, Spain on Sept. 23-26, 2003. Those colleagues who are interested in participating in any of the sessions should send an abstract of not more than 250 words to the session organizers, with copies sent to N. Petropoulos, Coordinator of D&SCRN. All session abstracts should be in English, except for those submitted to sessions 8 and 9. In the case of sessions 8 and 9 abstracts could be submitted in Spanish, French or English. The deadline for submission of abstracts is January 15, 2003. Authors whose papers are accepted for final presentation will also be expected to submit a written summary of their final presentation in another language (see details below) in order to broaden the participation in D&SCRN sessions. For more information concerning the conference itself, colleagues may consult the conference’s webpage (www.um.es/ESA ).

Session 1. “Varieties of Terrorism: Psychosocial, Political and Economic Impacts”

The session focuses on political terrorism and its social impacts. Papers are invited on the social- psychological effects of terrorism on the victims, their social circles and the wider community (e.g. PTSD etc.), the impact of terrorism on the political system (e.g. progressive or regressive changes etc.) and its macro-economic effects. Studies using a variety of social methodologies (historical, case study, comparative, surveys etc.) are welcome. The session will be conducted in English. Written summaries (about 500 words) of the final presentation should be submitted to the session organizer in either Spanish or French in order to encourage participation of non-English speakers in the session.

Session organizer and coordinator: Nicholas Petropoulos, Director of Emergencies Research Center and Sociology Counselor of the Pedagogical Institute of Greece, Athens, Greece. E-mail: erc@otenet.gr

Session 2. “Crises, Disasters and Emergency Management in Modern Ageing Societies.”

The session focuses on emergency management practices in modern, complex and multicultural, industrial societies. Papers are invited on (1) civil protection policies regarding special groups such as the aged populations, the persons with special needs, and foreign residents. (2) the role of state, community and non-governmental organizations in emergency management (3) the impact of disasters and mass emergencies on civil protection policy reviews and (4) alternative models for emergency management in the 21st century. The session will be conducted in English. Written summaries (about 500 words) of the final presentation should be submitted to the session organizer in either Spanish or French in order to encourage participation of non-English speakers in the D&SCRN sessions.

Session organizers and coordinators: Boris Porfiriev , Institute for System Analysis, Russian Academy for Sciences, b_porfiriev@prin.msk.su and Elke M. Geenen, Institute of Sociology, University of Kiel, Germany, E-mail: elke@geenen.ch

Session 3. “Classical Social Theories and Modern Crises”

Accumulating signs of deep social, economic, political, ecological and moral crises, accompanied by “natural”, “technological” and “complex” war disasters, revive the debate concerning the adequacy of classical social theories to diagnose, to explain, to understand and to predict the crises of modern societies. The session proposes to examine (1) the extent to which the processes of rationalization, industrialization, secularization, scientific and technological revolution contributed to a substitution of “mechanical solidarity” by “organic solidarity” and of the ideological derivatives of militaristic political and adventuring capitalism by peaceful trade and civil capitalism (2) the degree to which social conflict and war constitute permanent extra-economic response to the intrinsic structural crisis of capital accumulation and (3) whether the relationship between actual multidimensional crisis and complex disasters is one of correlation or causation. The Session will also examine the implications of different answers to these questions for disaster management strategies in the present and the future. The session will be conducted in English. Summaries (about 500 words) of the final presentation should be submitted to the session organizer in either Spanish or French in order to encourage participation of non-English speakers in the D&SCRN sessions.

Session Organizers and Coordinators: Vera Vratusa, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade, Yugoslavia, E-mail: vvratusa@f.bg.ac.yu or vvratusa@sezampro.yu and Susann Ullberg, Crisis Management, Research and Training (CRiSMART), Swedish National Defense College, Stokholm, susann.ullberg@fhs.mil.se

Session 4. “Crises, Disasters and Pycho-social Intervention: Approaches and Evaluation of Outcomes”

This session will focus on models of psycho-social intervention that can be used either in small scale crises or in larger scale disasters. Over the last three years there has been some collaborative work carried out by members of an EU working group, the aim of which was to develop a model and guidelines that could be further developed by professionals within each region/country. Within this session there will be scope for further discussion of models and approaches and this could include the use of approaches within a community affected by disaster, with specific groups of survivors, or with groups of rescue workers. A further aim of the session will be to consider methods and approaches that can be used to evaluate the effectiveness of psycho-social intervention following crises or disasters. The session will be conducted in English. Summaries (about 500 words) of the final presentation should be submitted to the session organizer in either Spanish or French in order to encourage the participation of non-English speakers in the D&SCRN sessions.

Session Organizer and Coordinator. Dr Alison Rowlands, Consultant Clinical Psychologist: Clinical Psychology Unit, Dept of Psychology, University of Sheffield, Western Bank, Sheffield, UK, E-mail: a.rowlands@sheffield.ac.uk

Session 5. “Cities confronting Crises, Disasters and Mass Emergencies: Social Vulnerabilities and Models of Emergency Management”

Are cities more vulnerable entities today, due to changing natural and social conditions? Are there factors that diminish the resilience of cities in material and organisational terms against natural hazards like earthquakes and floods? Are settlements today far from the physical and social security they once provided to their inhabitants, with high rates of accidents, crimes and contemplated acts of collective and individual terrorism (e.g. September 11 events, sharp-shooters,etc.)? Are cities in need of physical and social transformation to become more robust entities? Are cities to be reinvented as safer contexts in generating new forms of urban democracy, as production and work are reorganised and redistributed through the global networks? Is there an intensified need for research in feasible and integrated forms of mitigation? Many disciplines could contribute to our understanding of modern complex urban processes in a global context and to the development of new practices in the physical and social conduct of cities that would protect them from the multitude of dangers they are confronting these days. Papers that attend to these questions are welcome. The session will be conducted in English. Summaries (about 500 words) of the final presentation should be submitted to the session organizer in either Spanish or French in order to encourage participation of non-English speakers in the D&SCRN sessions.

Session Organizer and Coordinator. Murat Balamir, Middle East Technical University (METU), Turkey, E-mail: balamir@arch.metu.edu.tr

Session 6. “International Collaboration in Hazard Reduction and Response”

Recurring hazards pose a continuing threat to megacities in the developed and developing worlds. This problem is especially severe in regions where major cities are located on earthquake faults or in the path of floods, cyclones or hurricanes that cross national borders. In such cases, hazard reduction and response necessarily involve collaboration across national boundaries. Such collaboration has, to date, occurred largely after a damaging event, in an unplanned and spontaneous manner. While it demonstrates good will among nations, international collaboration in hazard reduction and response could likely be far more effective if designed prior to the occurrence of damaging events in areas of known vulnerability. This panel invites papers that address the problem of mitigation of risk among nations that share a known risk of recurring hazards and seek to reduce the vulnerability of their cities and communities to that risk. The session will be conducted in English. Summaries (about 500 words) of the final presentation should be submitted to the session organizer in either Spanish or French in order to encourage participation of non-English speakers in the D&SCRN sessions.

Session Organizer and Coordinator. Louise K. Comfort, Graduate School of Public and International Affairs, 3E30 Wesley W. Posvar Hall, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260. USA, E-mail: lkc@pitt.edu.

Session 7. “Environmental Policies and Disasters: A Comparative Perspective”

The decisive role of the cumulated effects of environmental policies has been demonstrated dramatically in the recent past, following the simultaneous occurrence in various parts of the world of both slow and fast onset disasters (e.g. floods, floods, heat waves, forest fires, droughts and desertification). The session invites papers on (1) the level of awareness of the public and civil servants regarding the connection between environmental policies and disasters, (2) the formation of public attitudes through the educational system and the media regarding the protection of the environment (3) the process of state and international policy formulation regarding protection of the environment (e.g. question of “jobs vs. environment” etc). and (4) the dynamics/structure/impacts of local /global environmental movements. The session will be conducted in English. Summaries (about 500 words) of the final presentation should be submitted to the session organizer in either Spanish or French in order to encourage participation of non-English speakers in the D&SCRN sessions.

Session Organizer and Coordinator: Sorin Cheval, Researcher, Institute of Geography, Romanian Academy, sorincheval@fulbrightweb.org

Session 8. “The Economic and Social Consequences of Disasters: New Theoretical and Methodological Approaches”

The social consequences of a disaster involve nearly all areas of an affected society, acting sometimes as disintegrative elements, other times as regulating ones and in a few instances as contingent factors of structural changes in social, economic or political relationships. The aims of the session are (1) to detect alterations that a disaster can produce in a social system (2) to complement the traditional analysis of economic effects with new constructs that inform us about alterations in the affected social system as a whole, about their features and structures and (3) to detect those stable characteristics that would allow us to evaluate changes in the structures and different subsystems of social organization. Papers in Spanish, French or English based on actual empirical studies, on development of new methodologies and formulation of new relevant theory are welcome. The session discussion will be conducted in Spanish and/or French. Participants submitting/presenting papers in French or Spanish are required to submit summary (about 500 words) of their final presentation in English in order to encourage participation of English-speakers.

Session organizer and coordinator. Juan de Dios Ruano Gomez, Facultad de Sociologia, Universidad de A Coruna, Spain, E-mail : juande@udc.es

Session 8. “Les Conséquences Économiques et Sociales de Catastrophes: Les nouvelles Théoriques et Méthodologiques »

Les conséquences sociales dérivées d’une catastrophe ont une incidence sur l’ensemble de la société affectée par cette dernière. Cette catastrophe peut être dans certains cas un élément destructeur de cette société, dans d’autres un élément régulateur, et dans un très petit nombre un facteur contingent de transformations structurelles qui peuvent amener de profonds changements dans les relations sociales, économiques ou politiques. Les objectifs de cette session seront de détecter : (1) Les altérations qu’une catastrophe peut produire dans un système social (2) Compléter l’analyse traditionnelle des effets économiques provoqués par cette catastrophe grâce à de nouveaux concepts nous donnant des informations sur les altérations produites sur l’ensemble du système social affecté and (3) Pour cela, et de manière parallèle, nous devrons détecter les éléments d’analyse pertinents qui nous permettront d’évaluer les changements produits sur les structures et sur les distincts sous systèmes qui constituent l’ordre social. Papiers en espagnol, français ou l'anglais ont basé sur les études empiriques Réelles et sur développement de nouvelles méthodologies et formulation de une nouvelle théorie pertinente. La discussion de la session sera conduite dans espagnol and/or français. Le papiers des participants realise en français ou l'espagnol est exigé un résumé (approximativement 500 mots) de leur présentation en anglais pour faciliter la participation d'Anglophones.

Organisateur de la session et coordinateur Juan de Dios Ruano Gomez, Facultad de Sociologia, Universidad de A Coruna, Spain, E-mail : juande@udc.es

Sesión nº 8 “ Consecuencias Sociales y Económicas de los Desastres: Nuevas Teorías y Metodologías Aplicables”

Las consecuencias sociales derivadas de una catástrofe implican prácticamente a todos los campos de la sociedad afectada, actuando en unos casos como elemento desintegrador, en otros como elemento regulador, y en no pocos casos como factor contingente de transformaciones estructurales que pueden llevar incluso a profundos cambios en las relaciones sociales, económicas o políticas. Los objetivos finales de esta sesión serán por tanto detectar: (1) las alteraciones que una catástrofe puede producir en un sistema social (2) Complementar el tradicional análisis de efectos económicos con nuevas aportaciones que nos informen de las alteraciones producidas en el conjunto de las relaciones del sistema social afectado, sus elementos y sus estructuras. (3) Para ello, y de forma paralela, tendremos que detectar los analizadores pertinentes que nos permitan evaluar los cambios producidos en las estructuras y en los distintos subsistemas que conforman el orden social. Las comunicaciones podran ser en español, francés o inglés, basadas en estudios empíricos reales o bien en el desarrollo de nuevas metodologías y formulaciones teóricas. La discusión de la sesión se dirigirá en español y/o francés. Las presentaciones hechas en francés o español deberán estar acompañadas de un resumen (aproximadamente 500 palabras) en igles para facilitar participación de los Angloparlantes.

Organizador y Coordinador de esta Sesión. Juan de Dios Ruano Gomez, Profesor Metodologías, Facultad de Sociologia, Universidad de La Coruna, España, E-mail : juande@udc.es

Session 9. “The Role of the Community, NGOs and Volunteers in Disaster/Crisis Prevention and Mitigation”

Countries and societies vary with respect to the degree that they allocate responsibility for civil protection to the central and state government or to the local communities, NGOs, Volunteer and Charity Groups. This session focuses on the crucial role played by communities, NGOS, charities and volunteers in disaster prevention and mitigation. It invites papers on (1) Volunteerism and the state (Liberalism and social solidarity, the “welfare state” and the right to assistance, the crisis in the welfare state and social solidarity) (2) Volunteers by “calling” and Non-governmental organizations (profiles, structure organization and legal basis, integration and relations with institutions) (3) the social conditions leading to the emergence of community self-organization (non-deterministic theories, spontaneous forms of organization… problems of interaction and coordination with established organizations and institutions ) (4) the relationship of disaster phases to volunteer structure, composition and profiles, (5) the question regarding the tutelage of volunteer organizations and (6) the future of volunteer groups in welfare/service societies. The papers in this session may be in Spanish, French or English., but the session discussion will be conducted only in French. Participants submitting/presenting papers in French or Spanish are required to submit summary (about 500 words) of their final presentation in English in order to encourage participation of English-speakers.

Session organizer and coordinator. Andrés García Gómez, Centro Europeo de Investigación Social (CEISE). Dirección General de Protección Civil. Madrid, Spain, E-mail : agarcia@procivil.mir.es

Session 9. " Le Rôle de la Communauté, ONGs et Volontaires dans la Prévention et Mitigation de Disaster et Crisis "

Les pays et sociétés varient en ce qui concerne le degré qu'ils allouent la responsabilité pour protection civile au niveau central et gouvernement de l'état ou aux communautés locales, ONGs, Volontaire et Groupes de la Charité. Cette session se concentre sur le rôle crucial joué par communautés, ONGS, charités et volontaires dans prévention et mitigation de la catastrophe. (1) Le voluntariat et l’etat ( Le libéralisme et l’entraide. Le « welfare state » et le droit à l’aide. La crise de l’état de bien-être et l’entraide ) (2) Le volontariat et les ONG (Profils du volontariat par vocation , Structuration, organisation et bases légales, intégration et relations avec les institutions) (3) L’auto-organisation de la communauté ( Les théories non déterministes à l’origine de sa configuration, Quand survient-elle et dans quelles conditions ? L’auto-organisation spontanée : la masse et la meute. Problèmes d’interaction et de coordination avec les organisations établies et les institutions) (4) Le volontariat selon les phases de la catastrophe (Le volontariat dans la phase de prévention de la catastrophe; profils adéquats, organisations, extraction sociale et interaction avec les institutions et le reste de la société ; le volontariat durant la catastrophe, le volontariat dans la phase de reconstruction de la communauté) (5) La tutelle des organisations de volontaires and (6) Le futur du voluntariat dans la societe de services. Les papiers en espagnol, français ou l'anglais ont basé sur les études empiriques réelles et sur développement de nouvelles méthodologies et formulation de une nouvelle théorie pertinente. La discussion de la session sera conduite dans espagnol. Le papiers des participants realise en français ou l'espagnol est exigé un résumé (approximativement 500 mots) de leur présentation en anglais pour faciliter la participation d'Anglophones

Organisateur de la session et coordinateur. Andrés García Gómez, Centro Europeo de Investigación Social (CEISE). Dirección General de Protección Civil. Madrid, Spain, E-mail : agarcia@procivil.mir.es

Sesión nº 9. “ El papel de la Comunidad, ONGs y Voluntarios en la Prevención y Mitigación de Crisis y Desastres”

Los países y sociedades varían con respecto al grado de responsabilidad que asignan para protección civil al gobierno central y estatal o a las comunidades locales, ONGs, Voluntarios y otras Organizaciones Graciables. Esta sesión tratará del papel crucial jugado por las comunidades, ONGs, asociaciones caritativas y voluntarios en la prevención del desastre y su mitigación. Se invita a los participantes a presentar comunicaciones sobre: A.- El voluntariado y el modelo de estado. El liberalismo y la ayuda graciable. El welfare state y el derecho a la ayuda. La crisis del estado del bienestar y la autoayuda social. B.- El voluntariado y las ONGs: Perfiles del voluntariado vocacional. / Estructuración, organización y bases legales / Integración y relaciones con las instituciones. C.- La autoorganización de la Comunidad: Las teorías no deterministas en el origen de su configuración / Cuando surge y en que condiciones / La auto-organización espontánea: La masa y la muta. Problemas de interacción y coordinación con las organizaciones estables e instituciones. D.- El voluntariado segun las fases de la catastrofe. El voluntariado en la fase de prevención. Perfiles idóneos, organización, extracción social e interacción con las instituciones y el resto de la sociedad. / El voluntariado en la catástrofe desencadenada. / El voluntariado en la fase de reconstrucción. E.- La tutela de las organizaciones de voluntarios F.- El futuro del voluntariado en la sociedad de servicios. Las comunicaciones podran ser en español, francés o inglés, basadas en estudios empíricos reales o bien en el desarrollo de nuevas metodologías y formulaciones teóricas. La discusión de la sesión se dirigirá en español. Las presentaciones hechas en francés o español deberán estar acompañadas de un resumen (aproximadamente 500 palabras) en ingles para facilitar participación de los Angloparlantes

Organizador y Coordinador de esta Sesión. Andrés García Gómez, Centro Europeo de Investigación Social (CEISE). Dirección General de Protección Civil. Madrid, España, E-mail : agarcia@procivil.mir.es

Session 10. Meet the Authors Session: An Introduction to European Perspectives to Crisis and Emergency Management.

Presentation of 3 to 5 European authors who have published ground-breaking books in the management of crises, disasters and mass emergencies of all types during the past five years (1997-2002). The session will be conducted in English. Nominations are welcome. Copies of the books should be sent to the session organizer who in consultation with the Coordinating Committee of the D&SCRN will make the final selection. The authors whose books will be selected for final presentation will be expected to take part in the session will and will also be required to submit a summary of their books (about 500 words) in English and in either French or Spanish in order to broaden participation in the session.

Session organizer and coordinator: Nicholas Petropoulos, Director of Emergencies Research Center and Sociology Counselor of the Pedagogical Institute of Greece, Athens, Greece. E-mail: erc@otenet.gr


Sociology of Disasters and Social Crisis Research Network

General information

The purpose of the Disaster & Social Crisis Research Network (D&SCRN) is to promote the study, research and analysis of "natural", "technological" and "social" disasters with a view to contributing to the development of disaster-resilient European communities and preventing or mitigating the human, economic, social, cultural and psychological effects of disasters.

The Disaster & Social Crisis Research Network has its own webpage at:

http://www.apu.ac.uk/geography/d&scrn/

The 4th European Conference of Sociology provided the opportunity for the first meeting of a new provisional research network within the ESA bringing together sociologists and others with a specific interest in Disasters. Four sessions brought together participants from both within and beyond Europe; indeed it was good to welcome colleagues from the USA where the Sociology of Disasters has a longer legacy and within which the International Sociological Association's Disasters Research Committee has its roots.

One of the most exciting aspects of Disaster Sociology is its pragmatic orientation and the active orientation of many of its proponents to link research with the practice and policy of disaster management. This was reflected in the first session on Mass Emergency Institutions and Services in European Countries.

Boris Pofiriev - teaching professor at the Institute for Systems Analysis in Moscow and advisor to the Russian government - discussed the system of integrated emergency management in Russia. This has been spurred on in part by a series of major disasters and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 which brought about a new, civil defence paradigm. Vera Vratusa's presentation on the bombing of Belgrade highlighted the increasing inclusion of complex emergencies within the category of disaster studies while Timo Kopomaa - an urban researcher from Finland - discussed issues in safety and strategies for defending urban populations. Disaster studies and management can clearly benefit from a multidisciplinary approach which includes the contribution of urban planners, anthropologists, political scientists, geographers and others and it was encouraging to have all of these disciplines represented at Amsterdam.

Disaster Theory formed the focus for the second session. Bob Stallings discussed the implications of a Weberian approach for disaster research and the value of applying the traditional typology of social action and model of political economy to disaster studies. Yuriy Sayenko then discussed the social consequences of the Chernoybl Disaster and called for a new conception of social policy which would increase the social participation of victims. Indeed, this philosophy of community-based and participative approaches is a theme running throughout disaster management ranging from the work of NG0s responding to natural disasters in developing countries to organisations such as the US Federal Emergency Management Association in building disaster-resistant communities.

Sociologists have much to contribute to disaster managers in explaining the complex nature of communities and the differential vulnerability and impacts of disaster. This topic formed the focus of another session with presentations by Maureen Fordham, Klaus Hartmann and Pal Tamas on topics including the significance of race, class and gender in flood experiences. In the aftermath of disaster communities participate in various systems and rituals of disaster interpretation. One way of making sense of the disaster experience and locating it within the community's social history is through memorials and services. Anne Eyre presented on this within a session focussing on popular culture in disasters. Hanna Schmuck presented an anthropological study highlighting religious interpretations of the floods in Bangladesh while Rus Dynes illustrated the development of modern rational thought in analyses of the eighteenth century Lisbon earthquake. Poster presentations and film material (the latter by Olivera Puric) enhanced this session. Please visit the website:
http://www.anglia.ac.uk/geography/d&scrn

Coordinator

Nicholas Petropoulos, E-mail: erc@otenet.gr